Sports medicine specializes in preventing, diagnosing and treating injuries related to participating in sports and/or exercise, specifically the rotation or deformation of joints or muscles caused by engaging in such physical activities.
Primitive efforts in sports medicine began almost 5,000 years ago in Eastern Asia. Taoist monks used breathing exercises to clear "congestion" from the organs. The doctors of the Greeks and Romans are attributed to the first conscious efforts in sports medicine. The Greeks knew there was a clear association between a person's endurance level and diet between their overall health. Greek doctors even developed primitive exercise plans for athletes. Other major developments in sports medicine occurred in the Middle Ages during the Renaissance. One main development that came out of the middle ages was the concept that even healthy people needed to exercise to maintain their good health.
Concussion- caused by severe head trauma where the brain moves violently within the skull so that brain cells all fire at once, much like a seizure
Muscle Cramps- a sudden tight, intense pain caused by a muscle locked in spasm. Muscle cramps are also recognized as an involuntary and forcibly contracted muscle that does not relax
ACL Sprains- The anterior crutiate ligament (ACL) is a ligament involved in knee stabilization. An ACL rupture can occur when the foot is planted and the knee twists to change direction.
Ankle Sprain- The ligaments that hold the ankle bones in place can easily be stretched out.
Shin Splints- The tissue that attaches the muscles of your lower leg to the shin bone may be pulling away from the bone, or it may be inflamed from overuse.
©Mathys, F. K. "The History of Sports Medicine." Medicine and Sport Part I (1987): 582-85. Web,Common Sports Injuries." Common Sports Injuries. Union Memorial Hospital. Web. 10 Dec. 2009.